The control of money is dealt with in a business discipline which is called finance. The careful control of a person’s spread of risk portfolio with the expectations of earning better returns in the form of income is, therefore, part of the discipline. The field of finance, thus, encompasses the scrutiny and management of different risks that might interfere with an individual or organization’s capital. The risks faced by an individual’s income, the price of profits he expects to get from his investment ventures, and the real worth of his material belongings are the ideal measurement standards for money in finance. The field of finance is too big, and therefore, it has been dividing into three different groupings.
Personal finance involves all the financial occurrences that affect an individual. Having considered this, the financial position of a person is looked into with regards to the environmental factors that can influence his financial position to determine how they will bring about the changes. The personal income of a person is therefore considered, and the various cash flow processes that occur to the person ongoing of money into and out of a person’s financial status and the capital position of a specific individual is hence considered. The need for trying to establish mechanisms through which to improve a person’s finances or make them remain constant stems from the knowledge an individual gathers about his current financial level. The the entire process involved in the acts of trying to identify the probable future unforeseen certainties and embarking on establishing measures to combat them, working on how to manage the various taxes, coming up with the objectives of investments and the arrangement of retirement plans helps in the accomplishment of the planning.
Corporate finance focuses on how organizations get their finances and the necessary procedures that those in charge of the organization undertake to ensure that shareholders interest of value addition is attained. The practice of minimizing the risks a business faces and in the process create profit for the organization and the its owners is what the discipline of corporate finance deals with.
Budgeting is henceforth considered in this regard to determine the different departments which will be allocated with money. Capital acquisition is also very essential in determining the financial status of an organization.
The financial activities of the various bodies which have been given the mandate to rule in over a specific region such as country, county, municipality and province is referred to as public finance. The investment projects undertaken by the governing bodies are supposed to address the needs of the people. The capital acquisition and payment procedure is therefore looked into by the governing bodies.