When jaw cysts form, there are primarily two causes. Inflammation, but also developmental disorders can lead to this tooth and jaw disease. Since these cysts are made of different materials, a distinction is made here.
In total, there are twelve types of dental issues that are caused by tissue malformations or inflammation. It should also be determined whether or not the cyst was formed from tooth tissue or surrounded by a connective tissue.
In most cases, an X-ray is taken by the dentist to determine a diagnosis. However, the diagnosis can be determined, to a limited extent, when looking at the position of the jaw cyst. To be sure about which cyst type it is, a microscopic examination of the removed tissue is performed.
This tissue sample can also be made before removal. An ultrasound examination or a computed tomography can increase the chances of a correct diagnosis.
There are no real symptoms of a jaw cyst because it causes no pain. With x-rays, dentists usually discover these tissue formations by chance. Even with dental surgery, the cysts can be discovered by chance. Only above a certain size can be felt as a protrusion of the jawbone.
Partly, a slight crackling sound will be felt by pressing on the jaw cyst. However, if the cyst is not removed and continues to grow, it can damage nerves and tissues, causing the patient pain. Also, bone deformations, fractures, and infections are various symptoms to look out for. This is one reason why dentists stress the importance of preventive family dental health.
The removal of a jaw cyst is usually performed by an oral surgeon. He or she gives the patient a local anesthetic, cuts into the gums and folds it aside until they reach the patient’s jawbone. They can then open the bone and remove the cyst.
If it is a large cyst that has damaged the jawbone, the bone will be filled up with replacement material. In part, depending on the cyst type, location, stage and general condition of the patient, it makes more sense if the cyst is incised and can heal on its own.